compiler_attributes.h 10.6 KB
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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef __LINUX_COMPILER_ATTRIBUTES_H
#define __LINUX_COMPILER_ATTRIBUTES_H

/*
 * The attributes in this file are unconditionally defined and they directly
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 * map to compiler attribute(s), unless one of the compilers does not support
 * the attribute. In that case, __has_attribute is used to check for support
 * and the reason is stated in its comment ("Optional: ...").
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 *
 * Any other "attributes" (i.e. those that depend on a configuration option,
 * on a compiler, on an architecture, on plugins, on other attributes...)
 * should be defined elsewhere (e.g. compiler_types.h or compiler-*.h).
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 * The intention is to keep this file as simple as possible, as well as
 * compiler- and version-agnostic (e.g. avoiding GCC_VERSION checks).
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 *
 * This file is meant to be sorted (by actual attribute name,
 * not by #define identifier). Use the __attribute__((__name__)) syntax
 * (i.e. with underscores) to avoid future collisions with other macros.
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 * Provide links to the documentation of each supported compiler, if it exists.
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 */

/*
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 * __has_attribute is supported on gcc >= 5, clang >= 2.9 and icc >= 17.
 * In the meantime, to support 4.6 <= gcc < 5, we implement __has_attribute
 * by hand.
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 *
 * sparse does not support __has_attribute (yet) and defines __GNUC_MINOR__
 * depending on the compiler used to build it; however, these attributes have
 * no semantic effects for sparse, so it does not matter. Also note that,
 * in order to avoid sparse's warnings, even the unsupported ones must be
 * defined to 0.
 */
#ifndef __has_attribute
# define __has_attribute(x) __GCC4_has_attribute_##x
# define __GCC4_has_attribute___assume_aligned__      (__GNUC_MINOR__ >= 9)
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# define __GCC4_has_attribute___copy__                0
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# define __GCC4_has_attribute___designated_init__     0
# define __GCC4_has_attribute___externally_visible__  1
# define __GCC4_has_attribute___noclone__             1
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# define __GCC4_has_attribute___nonstring__           0
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# define __GCC4_has_attribute___no_sanitize_address__ (__GNUC_MINOR__ >= 8)
#endif

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-alias-function-attribute
 */
#define __alias(symbol)                 __attribute__((__alias__(#symbol)))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-aligned-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Type-Attributes.html#index-aligned-type-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-aligned-variable-attribute
 */
#define __aligned(x)                    __attribute__((__aligned__(x)))
#define __aligned_largest               __attribute__((__aligned__))

/*
 * Note: users of __always_inline currently do not write "inline" themselves,
 * which seems to be required by gcc to apply the attribute according
 * to its docs (and also "warning: always_inline function might not be
 * inlinable [-Wattributes]" is emitted).
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-always_005finline-function-attribute
 * clang: mentioned
 */
#define __always_inline                 inline __attribute__((__always_inline__))

/*
 * The second argument is optional (default 0), so we use a variadic macro
 * to make the shorthand.
 *
 * Beware: Do not apply this to functions which may return
 * ERR_PTRs. Also, it is probably unwise to apply it to functions
 * returning extra information in the low bits (but in that case the
 * compiler should see some alignment anyway, when the return value is
 * massaged by 'flags = ptr & 3; ptr &= ~3;').
 *
 * Optional: only supported since gcc >= 4.9
 * Optional: not supported by icc
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-assume_005faligned-function-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#assume-aligned
 */
#if __has_attribute(__assume_aligned__)
# define __assume_aligned(a, ...)       __attribute__((__assume_aligned__(a, ## __VA_ARGS__)))
#else
# define __assume_aligned(a, ...)
#endif

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-cold-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Label-Attributes.html#index-cold-label-attribute
 */
#define __cold                          __attribute__((__cold__))

/*
 * Note the long name.
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-const-function-attribute
 */
#define __attribute_const__             __attribute__((__const__))

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/*
 * Optional: only supported since gcc >= 9
 * Optional: not supported by clang
 * Optional: not supported by icc
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-copy-function-attribute
 */
#if __has_attribute(__copy__)
# define __copy(symbol)                 __attribute__((__copy__(symbol)))
#else
# define __copy(symbol)
#endif

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/*
 * Don't. Just don't. See commit 771c035372a0 ("deprecate the '__deprecated'
 * attribute warnings entirely and for good") for more information.
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-deprecated-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Type-Attributes.html#index-deprecated-type-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-deprecated-variable-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Enumerator-Attributes.html#index-deprecated-enumerator-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#deprecated
 */
#define __deprecated

/*
 * Optional: only supported since gcc >= 5.1
 * Optional: not supported by clang
 * Optional: not supported by icc
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Type-Attributes.html#index-designated_005finit-type-attribute
 */
#if __has_attribute(__designated_init__)
# define __designated_init              __attribute__((__designated_init__))
#else
# define __designated_init
#endif

/*
 * Optional: not supported by clang
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-externally_005fvisible-function-attribute
 */
#if __has_attribute(__externally_visible__)
# define __visible                      __attribute__((__externally_visible__))
#else
# define __visible
#endif

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-format-function-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#format
 */
#define __printf(a, b)                  __attribute__((__format__(printf, a, b)))
#define __scanf(a, b)                   __attribute__((__format__(scanf, a, b)))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-gnu_005finline-function-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#gnu-inline
 */
#define __gnu_inline                    __attribute__((__gnu_inline__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-malloc-function-attribute
 */
#define __malloc                        __attribute__((__malloc__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Type-Attributes.html#index-mode-type-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-mode-variable-attribute
 */
#define __mode(x)                       __attribute__((__mode__(x)))

/*
 * Optional: not supported by clang
 *
 *  gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-noclone-function-attribute
 */
#if __has_attribute(__noclone__)
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# define __noclone                      __attribute__((__noclone__))
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#else
# define __noclone
#endif

/*
 * Note the missing underscores.
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-noinline-function-attribute
 * clang: mentioned
 */
#define   noinline                      __attribute__((__noinline__))

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/*
 * Optional: only supported since gcc >= 8
 * Optional: not supported by clang
 * Optional: not supported by icc
 *
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-nonstring-variable-attribute
 */
#if __has_attribute(__nonstring__)
# define __nonstring                    __attribute__((__nonstring__))
#else
# define __nonstring
#endif

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/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-noreturn-function-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#noreturn
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#id1
 */
#define __noreturn                      __attribute__((__noreturn__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Type-Attributes.html#index-packed-type-attribute
 * clang: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-packed-variable-attribute
 */
#define __packed                        __attribute__((__packed__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-pure-function-attribute
 */
#define __pure                          __attribute__((__pure__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-section-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-section-variable-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#section-declspec-allocate
 */
#define __section(S)                    __attribute__((__section__(#S)))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-unused-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Type-Attributes.html#index-unused-type-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-unused-variable-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Label-Attributes.html#index-unused-label-attribute
 * clang: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/AttributeReference.html#maybe-unused-unused
 */
#define __always_unused                 __attribute__((__unused__))
#define __maybe_unused                  __attribute__((__unused__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-used-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-used-variable-attribute
 */
#define __used                          __attribute__((__used__))

/*
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Function-Attributes.html#index-weak-function-attribute
 *   gcc: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Common-Variable-Attributes.html#index-weak-variable-attribute
 */
#define __weak                          __attribute__((__weak__))

#endif /* __LINUX_COMPILER_ATTRIBUTES_H */