Commit a6f0788e authored by Chaitanya Kulkarni's avatar Chaitanya Kulkarni Committed by Jens Axboe

block: add support for REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES

This adds a new block layer operation to zero out a range of
LBAs. This allows to implement zeroing for devices that don't use
either discard with a predictable zero pattern or WRITE SAME of zeroes.
The prominent example of that is NVMe with the Write Zeroes command,
but in the future, this should also help with improving the way
zeroing discards work. For this operation, suitable entry is exported in
sysfs which indicate the number of maximum bytes allowed in one
write zeroes operation by the device.
Signed-off-by: default avatarChaitanya Kulkarni <chaitanya.kulkarni@hgst.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarChristoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: default avatarJens Axboe <axboe@fb.com>
parent e73c23ff
......@@ -235,6 +235,19 @@ Description:
write_same_max_bytes is 0, write same is not supported
by the device.
What: /sys/block/<disk>/queue/write_zeroes_max_bytes
Date: November 2016
Contact: Chaitanya Kulkarni <chaitanya.kulkarni@wdc.com>
Description:
Devices that support write zeroes operation in which a
single request can be issued to zero out the range of
contiguous blocks on storage without having any payload
in the request. This can be used to optimize writing zeroes
to the devices. write_zeroes_max_bytes indicates how many
bytes can be written in a single write zeroes command. If
write_zeroes_max_bytes is 0, write zeroes is not supported
by the device.
What: /sys/block/<disk>/queue/zoned
Date: September 2016
Contact: Damien Le Moal <damien.lemoal@hgst.com>
......
......@@ -674,6 +674,7 @@ struct bio *bio_clone_bioset(struct bio *bio_src, gfp_t gfp_mask,
switch (bio_op(bio)) {
case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
break;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME:
bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt++] = bio_src->bi_io_vec[0];
......
......@@ -1950,6 +1950,10 @@ generic_make_request_checks(struct bio *bio)
if (!bdev_is_zoned(bio->bi_bdev))
goto not_supported;
break;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
if (!bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bio->bi_bdev))
goto not_supported;
break;
default:
break;
}
......
......@@ -226,6 +226,55 @@ int blkdev_issue_write_same(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_issue_write_same);
/**
* __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes - generate number of bios with WRITE ZEROES
* @bdev: blockdev to issue
* @sector: start sector
* @nr_sects: number of sectors to write
* @gfp_mask: memory allocation flags (for bio_alloc)
* @biop: pointer to anchor bio
*
* Description:
* Generate and issue number of bios(REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES) with zerofiled pages.
*/
static int __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(struct block_device *bdev,
sector_t sector, sector_t nr_sects, gfp_t gfp_mask,
struct bio **biop)
{
struct bio *bio = *biop;
unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors;
struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);
if (!q)
return -ENXIO;
/* Ensure that max_write_zeroes_sectors doesn't overflow bi_size */
max_write_zeroes_sectors = bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(bdev);
if (max_write_zeroes_sectors == 0)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
while (nr_sects) {
bio = next_bio(bio, 0, gfp_mask);
bio->bi_iter.bi_sector = sector;
bio->bi_bdev = bdev;
bio_set_op_attrs(bio, REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES, 0);
if (nr_sects > max_write_zeroes_sectors) {
bio->bi_iter.bi_size = max_write_zeroes_sectors << 9;
nr_sects -= max_write_zeroes_sectors;
sector += max_write_zeroes_sectors;
} else {
bio->bi_iter.bi_size = nr_sects << 9;
nr_sects = 0;
}
cond_resched();
}
*biop = bio;
return 0;
}
/**
* __blkdev_issue_zeroout - generate number of zero filed write bios
* @bdev: blockdev to issue
......@@ -259,6 +308,11 @@ int __blkdev_issue_zeroout(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t sector,
goto out;
}
ret = __blkdev_issue_write_zeroes(bdev, sector, nr_sects, gfp_mask,
biop);
if (ret == 0 || (ret && ret != -EOPNOTSUPP))
goto out;
ret = __blkdev_issue_write_same(bdev, sector, nr_sects, gfp_mask,
ZERO_PAGE(0), biop);
if (ret == 0 || (ret && ret != -EOPNOTSUPP))
......@@ -304,8 +358,8 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__blkdev_issue_zeroout);
* the discard request fail, if the discard flag is not set, or if
* discard_zeroes_data is not supported, this function will resort to
* zeroing the blocks manually, thus provisioning (allocating,
* anchoring) them. If the block device supports the WRITE SAME command
* blkdev_issue_zeroout() will use it to optimize the process of
* anchoring) them. If the block device supports WRITE ZEROES or WRITE SAME
* command(s), blkdev_issue_zeroout() will use it to optimize the process of
* clearing the block range. Otherwise the zeroing will be performed
* using regular WRITE calls.
*/
......
......@@ -199,6 +199,10 @@ void blk_queue_split(struct request_queue *q, struct bio **bio,
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
split = blk_bio_discard_split(q, *bio, bs, &nsegs);
break;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
split = NULL;
nsegs = (*bio)->bi_phys_segments;
break;
case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME:
split = blk_bio_write_same_split(q, *bio, bs, &nsegs);
break;
......@@ -241,11 +245,15 @@ static unsigned int __blk_recalc_rq_segments(struct request_queue *q,
* This should probably be returning 0, but blk_add_request_payload()
* (Christoph!!!!)
*/
if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD || bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE)
return 1;
if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME)
switch (bio_op(bio)) {
case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
return 1;
default:
break;
}
fbio = bio;
cluster = blk_queue_cluster(q);
......@@ -416,6 +424,7 @@ static int __blk_bios_map_sg(struct request_queue *q, struct bio *bio,
switch (bio_op(bio)) {
case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
/*
* This is a hack - drivers should be neither modifying the
* biovec, nor relying on bi_vcnt - but because of
......
......@@ -96,6 +96,7 @@ void blk_set_default_limits(struct queue_limits *lim)
lim->max_dev_sectors = 0;
lim->chunk_sectors = 0;
lim->max_write_same_sectors = 0;
lim->max_write_zeroes_sectors = 0;
lim->max_discard_sectors = 0;
lim->max_hw_discard_sectors = 0;
lim->discard_granularity = 0;
......@@ -132,6 +133,7 @@ void blk_set_stacking_limits(struct queue_limits *lim)
lim->max_sectors = UINT_MAX;
lim->max_dev_sectors = UINT_MAX;
lim->max_write_same_sectors = UINT_MAX;
lim->max_write_zeroes_sectors = UINT_MAX;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_set_stacking_limits);
......@@ -299,6 +301,19 @@ void blk_queue_max_write_same_sectors(struct request_queue *q,
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_write_same_sectors);
/**
* blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors - set max sectors for a single
* write zeroes
* @q: the request queue for the device
* @max_write_zeroes_sectors: maximum number of sectors to write per command
**/
void blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors(struct request_queue *q,
unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors)
{
q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors = max_write_zeroes_sectors;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors);
/**
* blk_queue_max_segments - set max hw segments for a request for this queue
* @q: the request queue for the device
......@@ -527,6 +542,8 @@ int blk_stack_limits(struct queue_limits *t, struct queue_limits *b,
t->max_dev_sectors = min_not_zero(t->max_dev_sectors, b->max_dev_sectors);
t->max_write_same_sectors = min(t->max_write_same_sectors,
b->max_write_same_sectors);
t->max_write_zeroes_sectors = min(t->max_write_zeroes_sectors,
b->max_write_zeroes_sectors);
t->bounce_pfn = min_not_zero(t->bounce_pfn, b->bounce_pfn);
t->seg_boundary_mask = min_not_zero(t->seg_boundary_mask,
......
......@@ -211,6 +211,11 @@ static ssize_t queue_write_same_max_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
(unsigned long long)q->limits.max_write_same_sectors << 9);
}
static ssize_t queue_write_zeroes_max_show(struct request_queue *q, char *page)
{
return sprintf(page, "%llu\n",
(unsigned long long)q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors << 9);
}
static ssize_t
queue_max_sectors_store(struct request_queue *q, const char *page, size_t count)
......@@ -611,6 +616,11 @@ static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_write_same_max_entry = {
.show = queue_write_same_max_show,
};
static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_write_zeroes_max_entry = {
.attr = {.name = "write_zeroes_max_bytes", .mode = S_IRUGO },
.show = queue_write_zeroes_max_show,
};
static struct queue_sysfs_entry queue_nonrot_entry = {
.attr = {.name = "rotational", .mode = S_IRUGO | S_IWUSR },
.show = queue_show_nonrot,
......@@ -700,6 +710,7 @@ static struct attribute *default_attrs[] = {
&queue_discard_max_hw_entry.attr,
&queue_discard_zeroes_data_entry.attr,
&queue_write_same_max_entry.attr,
&queue_write_zeroes_max_entry.attr,
&queue_nonrot_entry.attr,
&queue_zoned_entry.attr,
&queue_nomerges_entry.attr,
......
......@@ -575,9 +575,10 @@ static inline bool wbt_should_throttle(struct rq_wb *rwb, struct bio *bio)
const int op = bio_op(bio);
/*
* If not a WRITE (or a discard), do nothing
* If not a WRITE (or a discard or write zeroes), do nothing
*/
if (!(op == REQ_OP_WRITE || op == REQ_OP_DISCARD))
if (!(op == REQ_OP_WRITE || op == REQ_OP_DISCARD ||
op == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES))
return false;
/*
......
......@@ -76,7 +76,8 @@ static inline bool bio_has_data(struct bio *bio)
if (bio &&
bio->bi_iter.bi_size &&
bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_DISCARD &&
bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE)
bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE &&
bio_op(bio) != REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES)
return true;
return false;
......@@ -86,7 +87,8 @@ static inline bool bio_no_advance_iter(struct bio *bio)
{
return bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD ||
bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE ||
bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME;
bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME ||
bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES;
}
static inline bool bio_mergeable(struct bio *bio)
......@@ -188,18 +190,19 @@ static inline unsigned bio_segments(struct bio *bio)
struct bvec_iter iter;
/*
* We special case discard/write same, because they interpret bi_size
* differently:
* We special case discard/write same/write zeroes, because they
* interpret bi_size differently:
*/
if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_DISCARD)
return 1;
if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE)
return 1;
if (bio_op(bio) == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME)
switch (bio_op(bio)) {
case REQ_OP_DISCARD:
case REQ_OP_SECURE_ERASE:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME:
case REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES:
return 1;
default:
break;
}
bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, iter)
segs++;
......
......@@ -159,6 +159,8 @@ enum req_opf {
REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET = 6,
/* write the same sector many times */
REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME = 7,
/* write the zero filled sector many times */
REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES = 8,
REQ_OP_LAST,
};
......
......@@ -323,6 +323,7 @@ struct queue_limits {
unsigned int max_discard_sectors;
unsigned int max_hw_discard_sectors;
unsigned int max_write_same_sectors;
unsigned int max_write_zeroes_sectors;
unsigned int discard_granularity;
unsigned int discard_alignment;
......@@ -774,6 +775,9 @@ static inline bool rq_mergeable(struct request *rq)
if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_FLUSH)
return false;
if (req_op(rq) == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES)
return false;
if (rq->cmd_flags & REQ_NOMERGE_FLAGS)
return false;
if (rq->rq_flags & RQF_NOMERGE_FLAGS)
......@@ -1004,6 +1008,9 @@ static inline unsigned int blk_queue_get_max_sectors(struct request_queue *q,
if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_WRITE_SAME))
return q->limits.max_write_same_sectors;
if (unlikely(op == REQ_OP_WRITE_ZEROES))
return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors;
return q->limits.max_sectors;
}
......@@ -1107,6 +1114,8 @@ extern void blk_queue_max_discard_sectors(struct request_queue *q,
unsigned int max_discard_sectors);
extern void blk_queue_max_write_same_sectors(struct request_queue *q,
unsigned int max_write_same_sectors);
extern void blk_queue_max_write_zeroes_sectors(struct request_queue *q,
unsigned int max_write_same_sectors);
extern void blk_queue_logical_block_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned short);
extern void blk_queue_physical_block_size(struct request_queue *, unsigned int);
extern void blk_queue_alignment_offset(struct request_queue *q,
......@@ -1475,6 +1484,16 @@ static inline unsigned int bdev_write_same(struct block_device *bdev)
return 0;
}
static inline unsigned int bdev_write_zeroes_sectors(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);
if (q)
return q->limits.max_write_zeroes_sectors;
return 0;
}
static inline enum blk_zoned_model bdev_zoned_model(struct block_device *bdev)
{
struct request_queue *q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);
......
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