Commit cfc411e7 authored by David Howells's avatar David Howells Committed by David Woodhouse

Move certificate handling to its own directory

Move certificate handling out of the kernel/ directory and into a certs/
directory to get all the weird stuff in one place and move the generated
signing keys into this directory.
Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: default avatarDavid Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse@intel.com>
parent 0e38c358
......@@ -92,13 +92,13 @@ This has a number of options available:
(4) "File name or PKCS#11 URI of module signing key" (CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY)
Setting this option to something other than its default of
"signing_key.pem" will disable the autogeneration of signing keys and
allow the kernel modules to be signed with a key of your choosing.
The string provided should identify a file containing both a private
key and its corresponding X.509 certificate in PEM form, or — on
systems where the OpenSSL ENGINE_pkcs11 is functional — a PKCS#11 URI
as defined by RFC7512. In the latter case, the PKCS#11 URI should
reference both a certificate and a private key.
"certs/signing_key.pem" will disable the autogeneration of signing keys
and allow the kernel modules to be signed with a key of your choosing.
The string provided should identify a file containing both a private key
and its corresponding X.509 certificate in PEM form, or — on systems where
the OpenSSL ENGINE_pkcs11 is functional — a PKCS#11 URI as defined by
RFC7512. In the latter case, the PKCS#11 URI should reference both a
certificate and a private key.
If the PEM file containing the private key is encrypted, or if the
PKCS#11 token requries a PIN, this can be provided at build time by
......@@ -130,12 +130,12 @@ Under normal conditions, when CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY is unchanged from its
default, the kernel build will automatically generate a new keypair using
openssl if one does not exist in the file:
signing_key.pem
certs/signing_key.pem
during the building of vmlinux (the public part of the key needs to be built
into vmlinux) using parameters in the:
x509.genkey
certs/x509.genkey
file (which is also generated if it does not already exist).
......
......@@ -2589,6 +2589,15 @@ S: Supported
F: Documentation/filesystems/ceph.txt
F: fs/ceph/
CERTIFICATE HANDLING:
M: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
M: David Woodhouse <dwmw2@infradead.org>
L: keyrings@linux-nfs.org
S: Maintained
F: Documentation/module-signing.txt
F: certs/
F: scripts/extract-cert.c
CERTIFIED WIRELESS USB (WUSB) SUBSYSTEM:
L: linux-usb@vger.kernel.org
S: Orphan
......
......@@ -871,7 +871,7 @@ INITRD_COMPRESS-$(CONFIG_RD_LZ4) := lz4
ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_ALL
MODSECKEY = $(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY)
MODPUBKEY = ./signing_key.x509
MODPUBKEY = certs/signing_key.x509
export MODPUBKEY
mod_sign_cmd = scripts/sign-file $(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH) $(MODSECKEY) $(MODPUBKEY)
else
......@@ -881,7 +881,7 @@ export mod_sign_cmd
ifeq ($(KBUILD_EXTMOD),)
core-y += kernel/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/
core-y += kernel/ certs/ mm/ fs/ ipc/ security/ crypto/ block/
vmlinux-dirs := $(patsubst %/,%,$(filter %/, $(init-y) $(init-m) \
$(core-y) $(core-m) $(drivers-y) $(drivers-m) \
......
menu "Certificates for signature checking"
config MODULE_SIG_KEY
string "File name or PKCS#11 URI of module signing key"
default "certs/signing_key.pem"
depends on MODULE_SIG
help
Provide the file name of a private key/certificate in PEM format,
or a PKCS#11 URI according to RFC7512. The file should contain, or
the URI should identify, both the certificate and its corresponding
private key.
If this option is unchanged from its default "certs/signing_key.pem",
then the kernel will automatically generate the private key and
certificate as described in Documentation/module-signing.txt
config SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
bool "Provide system-wide ring of trusted keys"
depends on KEYS
help
Provide a system keyring to which trusted keys can be added. Keys in
the keyring are considered to be trusted. Keys may be added at will
by the kernel from compiled-in data and from hardware key stores, but
userspace may only add extra keys if those keys can be verified by
keys already in the keyring.
Keys in this keyring are used by module signature checking.
config SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS
string "Additional X.509 keys for default system keyring"
depends on SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
help
If set, this option should be the filename of a PEM-formatted file
containing trusted X.509 certificates to be included in the default
system keyring. Any certificate used for module signing is implicitly
also trusted.
NOTE: If you previously provided keys for the system keyring in the
form of DER-encoded *.x509 files in the top-level build directory,
those are no longer used. You will need to set this option instead.
endmenu
#
# Makefile for the linux kernel signature checking certificates.
#
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING) += system_keyring.o system_certificates.o
###############################################################################
#
# When a Kconfig string contains a filename, it is suitable for
# passing to shell commands. It is surrounded by double-quotes, and
# any double-quotes or backslashes within it are escaped by
# backslashes.
#
# This is no use for dependencies or $(wildcard). We need to strip the
# surrounding quotes and the escaping from quotes and backslashes, and
# we *do* need to escape any spaces in the string. So, for example:
#
# Usage: $(eval $(call config_filename,FOO))
#
# Defines FOO_FILENAME based on the contents of the CONFIG_FOO option,
# transformed as described above to be suitable for use within the
# makefile.
#
# Also, if the filename is a relative filename and exists in the source
# tree but not the build tree, define FOO_SRCPREFIX as $(srctree)/ to
# be prefixed to *both* command invocation and dependencies.
#
# Note: We also print the filenames in the quiet_cmd_foo text, and
# perhaps ought to have a version specially escaped for that purpose.
# But it's only cosmetic, and $(patsubst "%",%,$(CONFIG_FOO)) is good
# enough. It'll strip the quotes in the common case where there's no
# space and it's a simple filename, and it'll retain the quotes when
# there's a space. There are some esoteric cases in which it'll print
# the wrong thing, but we don't really care. The actual dependencies
# and commands *do* get it right, with various combinations of single
# and double quotes, backslashes and spaces in the filenames.
#
###############################################################################
#
quote := $(firstword " ")
space :=
space +=
space_escape := %%%SPACE%%%
#
define config_filename
ifneq ($$(CONFIG_$(1)),"")
$(1)_FILENAME := $$(subst \\,\,$$(subst \$$(quote),$$(quote),$$(subst $$(space_escape),\$$(space),$$(patsubst "%",%,$$(subst $$(space),$$(space_escape),$$(CONFIG_$(1)))))))
ifneq ($$(patsubst /%,%,$$(firstword $$($(1)_FILENAME))),$$(firstword $$($(1)_FILENAME)))
else
ifeq ($$(wildcard $$($(1)_FILENAME)),)
ifneq ($$(wildcard $$(srctree)/$$($(1)_FILENAME)),)
$(1)_SRCPREFIX := $(srctree)/
endif
endif
endif
endif
endef
#
###############################################################################
ifeq ($(CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING),y)
$(eval $(call config_filename,SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS))
# GCC doesn't include .incbin files in -MD generated dependencies (PR#66871)
$(obj)/system_certificates.o: $(obj)/x509_certificate_list
# Cope with signing_key.x509 existing in $(srctree) not $(objtree)
AFLAGS_system_certificates.o := -I$(srctree)
quiet_cmd_extract_certs = EXTRACT_CERTS $(patsubst "%",%,$(2))
cmd_extract_certs = scripts/extract-cert $(2) $@ || ( rm $@; exit 1)
targets += x509_certificate_list
$(obj)/x509_certificate_list: scripts/extract-cert $(SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS_SRCPREFIX)$(SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS_FILENAME) FORCE
$(call if_changed,extract_certs,$(SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS_SRCPREFIX)$(CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS))
endif
clean-files := x509_certificate_list .x509.list
ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG),y)
###############################################################################
#
# If module signing is requested, say by allyesconfig, but a key has not been
# supplied, then one will need to be generated to make sure the build does not
# fail and that the kernel may be used afterwards.
#
###############################################################################
ifndef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH
$(error Could not determine digest type to use from kernel config)
endif
# We do it this way rather than having a boolean option for enabling an
# external private key, because 'make randconfig' might enable such a
# boolean option and we unfortunately can't make it depend on !RANDCONFIG.
ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY),"certs/signing_key.pem")
$(obj)/signing_key.pem: $(obj)/x509.genkey
@echo "###"
@echo "### Now generating an X.509 key pair to be used for signing modules."
@echo "###"
@echo "### If this takes a long time, you might wish to run rngd in the"
@echo "### background to keep the supply of entropy topped up. It"
@echo "### needs to be run as root, and uses a hardware random"
@echo "### number generator if one is available."
@echo "###"
openssl req -new -nodes -utf8 -$(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH) -days 36500 \
-batch -x509 -config $(obj)/x509.genkey \
-outform PEM -out $(obj)/signing_key.pem \
-keyout $(obj)/signing_key.pem 2>&1
@echo "###"
@echo "### Key pair generated."
@echo "###"
$(obj)/x509.genkey:
@echo Generating X.509 key generation config
@echo >$@ "[ req ]"
@echo >>$@ "default_bits = 4096"
@echo >>$@ "distinguished_name = req_distinguished_name"
@echo >>$@ "prompt = no"
@echo >>$@ "string_mask = utf8only"
@echo >>$@ "x509_extensions = myexts"
@echo >>$@
@echo >>$@ "[ req_distinguished_name ]"
@echo >>$@ "#O = Unspecified company"
@echo >>$@ "CN = Build time autogenerated kernel key"
@echo >>$@ "#emailAddress = unspecified.user@unspecified.company"
@echo >>$@
@echo >>$@ "[ myexts ]"
@echo >>$@ "basicConstraints=critical,CA:FALSE"
@echo >>$@ "keyUsage=digitalSignature"
@echo >>$@ "subjectKeyIdentifier=hash"
@echo >>$@ "authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid"
endif
$(eval $(call config_filename,MODULE_SIG_KEY))
# If CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY isn't a PKCS#11 URI, depend on it
ifeq ($(patsubst pkcs11:%,%,$(firstword $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_FILENAME))),$(firstword $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_FILENAME)))
X509_DEP := $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_SRCPREFIX)$(MODULE_SIG_KEY_FILENAME)
endif
# GCC PR#66871 again.
$(obj)/system_certificates.o: $(obj)/signing_key.x509
$(obj)/signing_key.x509: scripts/extract-cert include/config/module/sig/key.h $(X509_DEP)
$(call cmd,extract_certs,$(MODULE_SIG_KEY_SRCPREFIX)$(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY))
endif
......@@ -8,9 +8,9 @@
VMLINUX_SYMBOL(system_certificate_list):
__cert_list_start:
#ifdef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG
.incbin "signing_key.x509"
.incbin "certs/signing_key.x509"
#endif
.incbin "kernel/x509_certificate_list"
.incbin "certs/x509_certificate_list"
__cert_list_end:
.align 8
......
......@@ -1601,5 +1601,6 @@ config CRYPTO_HASH_INFO
source "drivers/crypto/Kconfig"
source crypto/asymmetric_keys/Kconfig
source certs/Kconfig
endif # if CRYPTO
......@@ -1740,31 +1740,6 @@ config MMAP_ALLOW_UNINITIALIZED
See Documentation/nommu-mmap.txt for more information.
config SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
bool "Provide system-wide ring of trusted keys"
depends on KEYS
help
Provide a system keyring to which trusted keys can be added. Keys in
the keyring are considered to be trusted. Keys may be added at will
by the kernel from compiled-in data and from hardware key stores, but
userspace may only add extra keys if those keys can be verified by
keys already in the keyring.
Keys in this keyring are used by module signature checking.
config SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS
string "Additional X.509 keys for default system keyring"
depends on SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
help
If set, this option should be the filename of a PEM-formatted file
containing trusted X.509 certificates to be included in the default
system keyring. Any certificate used for module signing is implicitly
also trusted.
NOTE: If you previously provided keys for the system keyring in the
form of DER-encoded *.x509 files in the top-level build directory,
those are no longer used. You will need to set this option instead.
config SYSTEM_DATA_VERIFICATION
def_bool n
select SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING
......@@ -1965,20 +1940,6 @@ config MODULE_SIG_HASH
default "sha384" if MODULE_SIG_SHA384
default "sha512" if MODULE_SIG_SHA512
config MODULE_SIG_KEY
string "File name or PKCS#11 URI of module signing key"
default "signing_key.pem"
depends on MODULE_SIG
help
Provide the file name of a private key/certificate in PEM format,
or a PKCS#11 URI according to RFC7512. The file should contain, or
the URI should identify, both the certificate and its corresponding
private key.
If this option is unchanged from its default "signing_key.pem",
then the kernel will automatically generate the private key and
certificate as described in Documentation/module-signing.txt
config MODULE_COMPRESS
bool "Compress modules on installation"
depends on MODULES
......
......@@ -45,7 +45,6 @@ ifneq ($(CONFIG_SMP),y)
obj-y += up.o
endif
obj-$(CONFIG_UID16) += uid16.o
obj-$(CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING) += system_keyring.o system_certificates.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULES) += module.o
obj-$(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG) += module_signing.o
obj-$(CONFIG_KALLSYMS) += kallsyms.o
......@@ -111,145 +110,3 @@ $(obj)/config_data.gz: $(KCONFIG_CONFIG) FORCE
targets += config_data.h
$(obj)/config_data.h: $(obj)/config_data.gz FORCE
$(call filechk,ikconfiggz)
###############################################################################
#
# When a Kconfig string contains a filename, it is suitable for
# passing to shell commands. It is surrounded by double-quotes, and
# any double-quotes or backslashes within it are escaped by
# backslashes.
#
# This is no use for dependencies or $(wildcard). We need to strip the
# surrounding quotes and the escaping from quotes and backslashes, and
# we *do* need to escape any spaces in the string. So, for example:
#
# Usage: $(eval $(call config_filename,FOO))
#
# Defines FOO_FILENAME based on the contents of the CONFIG_FOO option,
# transformed as described above to be suitable for use within the
# makefile.
#
# Also, if the filename is a relative filename and exists in the source
# tree but not the build tree, define FOO_SRCPREFIX as $(srctree)/ to
# be prefixed to *both* command invocation and dependencies.
#
# Note: We also print the filenames in the quiet_cmd_foo text, and
# perhaps ought to have a version specially escaped for that purpose.
# But it's only cosmetic, and $(patsubst "%",%,$(CONFIG_FOO)) is good
# enough. It'll strip the quotes in the common case where there's no
# space and it's a simple filename, and it'll retain the quotes when
# there's a space. There are some esoteric cases in which it'll print
# the wrong thing, but we don't really care. The actual dependencies
# and commands *do* get it right, with various combinations of single
# and double quotes, backslashes and spaces in the filenames.
#
###############################################################################
#
quote := $(firstword " ")
space :=
space +=
space_escape := %%%SPACE%%%
#
define config_filename
ifneq ($$(CONFIG_$(1)),"")
$(1)_FILENAME := $$(subst \\,\,$$(subst \$$(quote),$$(quote),$$(subst $$(space_escape),\$$(space),$$(patsubst "%",%,$$(subst $$(space),$$(space_escape),$$(CONFIG_$(1)))))))
ifneq ($$(patsubst /%,%,$$(firstword $$($(1)_FILENAME))),$$(firstword $$($(1)_FILENAME)))
else
ifeq ($$(wildcard $$($(1)_FILENAME)),)
ifneq ($$(wildcard $$(srctree)/$$($(1)_FILENAME)),)
$(1)_SRCPREFIX := $(srctree)/
endif
endif
endif
endif
endef
#
###############################################################################
ifeq ($(CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYRING),y)
$(eval $(call config_filename,SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS))
# GCC doesn't include .incbin files in -MD generated dependencies (PR#66871)
$(obj)/system_certificates.o: $(obj)/x509_certificate_list
# Cope with signing_key.x509 existing in $(srctree) not $(objtree)
AFLAGS_system_certificates.o := -I$(srctree)
quiet_cmd_extract_certs = EXTRACT_CERTS $(patsubst "%",%,$(2))
cmd_extract_certs = scripts/extract-cert $(2) $@ || ( rm $@; exit 1)
targets += x509_certificate_list
$(obj)/x509_certificate_list: scripts/extract-cert $(SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS_SRCPREFIX)$(SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS_FILENAME) FORCE
$(call if_changed,extract_certs,$(SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS_SRCPREFIX)$(CONFIG_SYSTEM_TRUSTED_KEYS))
endif
clean-files := x509_certificate_list .x509.list
ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG),y)
###############################################################################
#
# If module signing is requested, say by allyesconfig, but a key has not been
# supplied, then one will need to be generated to make sure the build does not
# fail and that the kernel may be used afterwards.
#
###############################################################################
ifndef CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH
$(error Could not determine digest type to use from kernel config)
endif
# We do it this way rather than having a boolean option for enabling an
# external private key, because 'make randconfig' might enable such a
# boolean option and we unfortunately can't make it depend on !RANDCONFIG.
ifeq ($(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY),"signing_key.pem")
signing_key.pem: x509.genkey
@echo "###"
@echo "### Now generating an X.509 key pair to be used for signing modules."
@echo "###"
@echo "### If this takes a long time, you might wish to run rngd in the"
@echo "### background to keep the supply of entropy topped up. It"
@echo "### needs to be run as root, and uses a hardware random"
@echo "### number generator if one is available."
@echo "###"
openssl req -new -nodes -utf8 -$(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_HASH) -days 36500 \
-batch -x509 -config x509.genkey \
-outform PEM -out signing_key.pem \
-keyout signing_key.pem 2>&1
@echo "###"
@echo "### Key pair generated."
@echo "###"
x509.genkey:
@echo Generating X.509 key generation config
@echo >x509.genkey "[ req ]"
@echo >>x509.genkey "default_bits = 4096"
@echo >>x509.genkey "distinguished_name = req_distinguished_name"
@echo >>x509.genkey "prompt = no"
@echo >>x509.genkey "string_mask = utf8only"
@echo >>x509.genkey "x509_extensions = myexts"
@echo >>x509.genkey
@echo >>x509.genkey "[ req_distinguished_name ]"
@echo >>x509.genkey "#O = Unspecified company"
@echo >>x509.genkey "CN = Build time autogenerated kernel key"
@echo >>x509.genkey "#emailAddress = unspecified.user@unspecified.company"
@echo >>x509.genkey
@echo >>x509.genkey "[ myexts ]"
@echo >>x509.genkey "basicConstraints=critical,CA:FALSE"
@echo >>x509.genkey "keyUsage=digitalSignature"
@echo >>x509.genkey "subjectKeyIdentifier=hash"
@echo >>x509.genkey "authorityKeyIdentifier=keyid"
endif
$(eval $(call config_filename,MODULE_SIG_KEY))
# If CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY isn't a PKCS#11 URI, depend on it
ifeq ($(patsubst pkcs11:%,%,$(firstword $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_FILENAME))),$(firstword $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_FILENAME)))
X509_DEP := $(MODULE_SIG_KEY_SRCPREFIX)$(MODULE_SIG_KEY_FILENAME)
endif
# GCC PR#66871 again.
$(obj)/system_certificates.o: signing_key.x509
signing_key.x509: scripts/extract-cert include/config/module/sig/key.h $(X509_DEP)
$(call cmd,extract_certs,$(MODULE_SIG_KEY_SRCPREFIX)$(CONFIG_MODULE_SIG_KEY))
endif
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