1. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  2. 16 Jul, 2017 7 commits
  3. 14 Oct, 2014 1 commit
  4. 06 Jun, 2014 1 commit
  5. 07 Apr, 2014 1 commit
    • Davidlohr Bueso's avatar
      ipc/compat.c: remove sc_semopm macro · 187841a8
      Davidlohr Bueso authored
      This macro appears to have been introduced back in the 2.5 era for
      semtimedop32 backward compatibility on ia32:
      
        https://lkml.org/lkml/2003/4/28/78
      
      Nowadays, this syscall in compat just defaults back to the code found in
      sem.c, so it is no longer used and can thus be removed:
      
      long compat_sys_semtimedop(int semid, struct sembuf __user *tsems,
      		unsigned nsops, const struct compat_timespec __user *timeout)
      {
      	struct timespec __user *ts64;
      	if (compat_convert_timespec(&ts64, timeout))
      		return -EFAULT;
      	return sys_semtimedop(semid, tsems, nsops, ts64);
      }
      
      Furthermore, there are no users in compat.c.  After this change, kernel
      builds just fine with both CONFIG_SYSVIPC_COMPAT and CONFIG_SYSVIPC.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
      Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      187841a8
  6. 06 Mar, 2014 2 commits
  7. 02 Feb, 2014 1 commit
    • H. Peter Anvin's avatar
      compat: Get rid of (get|put)_compat_time(val|spec) · 81993e81
      H. Peter Anvin authored
      We have two APIs for compatiblity timespec/val, with confusingly
      similar names.  compat_(get|put)_time(val|spec) *do* handle the case
      where COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME is set, whereas
      (get|put)_compat_time(val|spec) do not.  This is an accident waiting
      to happen.
      
      Clean it up by favoring the full-service version; the limited version
      is replaced with double-underscore versions static to kernel/compat.c.
      
      A common pattern is to convert a struct timespec to kernel format in
      an allocation on the user stack.  Unfortunately it is open-coded in
      several places.  Since this allocation isn't actually needed if
      COMPAT_USE_64BIT_TIME is true (since user format == kernel format)
      encapsulate that whole pattern into the function
      compat_convert_timespec().  An equivalent function should be written
      for struct timeval if it is needed in the future.
      
      Finally, get rid of compat_(get|put)_timeval_convert(): each was only
      used once, and the latter was not even doing what the function said
      (no conversion actually was being done.)  Moving the conversion into
      compat_sys_settimeofday() itself makes the code much more similar to
      sys_settimeofday() itself.
      
      v3: Remove unused compat_convert_timeval().
      
      v2: Drop bogus "const" in the destination argument for
          compat_convert_time*().
      
      Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <m.chehab@samsung.com>
      Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
      Cc: Hans Verkuil <hans.verkuil@cisco.com>
      Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Heiko Carstens <heiko.carstens@de.ibm.com>
      Cc: Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
      Cc: Mateusz Guzik <mguzik@redhat.com>
      Cc: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
      Cc: Davidlohr Bueso <davidlohr@hp.com>
      Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
      Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
      Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
      Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
      Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
      Tested-by: default avatarH.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarH. Peter Anvin <hpa@linux.intel.com>
      81993e81
  8. 28 Jan, 2014 3 commits
  9. 05 Mar, 2013 1 commit
  10. 04 Mar, 2013 2 commits
  11. 05 Jan, 2013 2 commits
  12. 31 Jul, 2012 4 commits
  13. 15 Mar, 2012 1 commit
    • Chris Metcalf's avatar
      [PATCH v3] ipc: provide generic compat versions of IPC syscalls · 48b25c43
      Chris Metcalf authored
      When using the "compat" APIs, architectures will generally want to
      be able to make direct syscalls to msgsnd(), shmctl(), etc., and
      in the kernel we would want them to be handled directly by
      compat_sys_xxx() functions, as is true for other compat syscalls.
      
      However, for historical reasons, several of the existing compat IPC
      syscalls do not do this.  semctl() expects a pointer to the fourth
      argument, instead of the fourth argument itself.  msgsnd(), msgrcv()
      and shmat() expect arguments in different order.
      
      This change adds an ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC config option that can be
      set to preserve this behavior for ports that use it (x86, sparc, powerpc,
      s390, and mips).  No actual semantics are changed for those architectures,
      and there is only a minimal amount of code refactoring in ipc/compat.c.
      
      Newer architectures like tile (and perhaps future architectures such
      as arm64 and unicore64) should not select this option, and thus can
      avoid having any IPC-specific code at all in their architecture-specific
      compat layer.  In the same vein, if this option is not selected, IPC_64
      mode is assumed, since that's what the <asm-generic> headers expect.
      
      The workaround code in "tile" for msgsnd() and msgrcv() is removed
      with this change; it also fixes the bug that shmat() and semctl() were
      not being properly handled.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarArnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarChris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
      48b25c43
  14. 28 Oct, 2010 1 commit
  15. 30 Mar, 2010 1 commit
    • Tejun Heo's avatar
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking... · 5a0e3ad6
      Tejun Heo authored
      include cleanup: Update gfp.h and slab.h includes to prepare for breaking implicit slab.h inclusion from percpu.h
      
      percpu.h is included by sched.h and module.h and thus ends up being
      included when building most .c files.  percpu.h includes slab.h which
      in turn includes gfp.h making everything defined by the two files
      universally available and complicating inclusion dependencies.
      
      percpu.h -> slab.h dependency is about to be removed.  Prepare for
      this change by updating users of gfp and slab facilities include those
      headers directly instead of assuming availability.  As this conversion
      needs to touch large number of source files, the following script is
      used as the basis of conversion.
      
        http://userweb.kernel.org/~tj/misc/slabh-sweep.py
      
      The script does the followings.
      
      * Scan files for gfp and slab usages and update includes such that
        only the necessary includes are there.  ie. if only gfp is used,
        gfp.h, if slab is used, slab.h.
      
      * When the script inserts a new include, it looks at the include
        blocks and try to put the new include such that its order conforms
        to its surrounding.  It's put in the include block which contains
        core kernel includes, in the same order that the rest are ordered -
        alphabetical, Christmas tree, rev-Xmas-tree or at the end if there
        doesn't seem to be any matching order.
      
      * If the script can't find a place to put a new include (mostly
        because the file doesn't have fitting include block), it prints out
        an error message indicating which .h file needs to be added to the
        file.
      
      The conversion was done in the following steps.
      
      1. The initial automatic conversion of all .c files updated slightly
         over 4000 files, deleting around 700 includes and adding ~480 gfp.h
         and ~3000 slab.h inclusions.  The script emitted errors for ~400
         files.
      
      2. Each error was manually checked.  Some didn't need the inclusion,
         some needed manual addition while adding it to implementation .h or
         embedding .c file was more appropriate for others.  This step added
         inclusions to around 150 files.
      
      3. The script was run again and the output was compared to the edits
         from #2 to make sure no file was left behind.
      
      4. Several build tests were done and a couple of problems were fixed.
         e.g. lib/decompress_*.c used malloc/free() wrappers around slab
         APIs requiring slab.h to be added manually.
      
      5. The script was run on all .h files but without automatically
         editing them as sprinkling gfp.h and slab.h inclusions around .h
         files could easily lead to inclusion dependency hell.  Most gfp.h
         inclusion directives were ignored as stuff from gfp.h was usually
         wildly available and often used in preprocessor macros.  Each
         slab.h inclusion directive was examined and added manually as
         necessary.
      
      6. percpu.h was updated not to include slab.h.
      
      7. Build test were done on the following configurations and failures
         were fixed.  CONFIG_GCOV_KERNEL was turned off for all tests (as my
         distributed build env didn't work with gcov compiles) and a few
         more options had to be turned off depending on archs to make things
         build (like ipr on powerpc/64 which failed due to missing writeq).
      
         * x86 and x86_64 UP and SMP allmodconfig and a custom test config.
         * powerpc and powerpc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * sparc and sparc64 SMP allmodconfig
         * ia64 SMP allmodconfig
         * s390 SMP allmodconfig
         * alpha SMP allmodconfig
         * um on x86_64 SMP allmodconfig
      
      8. percpu.h modifications were reverted so that it could be applied as
         a separate patch and serve as bisection point.
      
      Given the fact that I had only a couple of failures from tests on step
      6, I'm fairly confident about the coverage of this conversion patch.
      If there is a breakage, it's likely to be something in one of the arch
      headers which should be easily discoverable easily on most builds of
      the specific arch.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarTejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
      Guess-its-ok-by: default avatarChristoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
      Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
      Cc: Lee Schermerhorn <Lee.Schermerhorn@hp.com>
      5a0e3ad6
  16. 06 Jul, 2007 1 commit
  17. 08 May, 2007 1 commit
  18. 07 Dec, 2006 1 commit
    • suzuki's avatar
      [PATCH] Fix the size limit of compat space msgsize · 651971cb
      suzuki authored
      Currently we allocate 64k space on the user stack and use it the msgbuf for
      sys_{msgrcv,msgsnd} for compat and the results are later copied in user [
      by copy_in_user].  This patch introduces helper routines for
      sys_{msgrcv,msgsnd} as below:
      
      do_msgsnd() : Accepts the mtype and user space ptr to the buffer along with
      the msqid and msgflg.
      
      do_msgrcv() : Accepts a kernel space ptr to mtype and a userspace ptr to
      the buffer.  The mtype has to be copied back the user space msgbuf by the
      caller.
      
      These changes avoid the need to allocate the msgsize on the userspace (
      thus removing the size limt ) and the overhead of an extra copy_in_user().
      Signed-off-by: default avatarSuzuki K P <suzuki@in.ibm.com>
      Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
      Cc: "David S. Miller" <davem@davemloft.net>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      651971cb
  19. 30 Jun, 2006 1 commit
  20. 26 Mar, 2006 1 commit
  21. 07 Sep, 2005 1 commit
    • Stephen Rothwell's avatar
      [PATCH] compat: be more consistent about [ug]id_t · 202e5979
      Stephen Rothwell authored
      When I first wrote the compat layer patches, I was somewhat cavalier about
      the definition of compat_uid_t and compat_gid_t (or maybe I just
      misunderstood :-)).  This patch makes the compat types much more consistent
      with the types we are being compatible with and hopefully will fix a few
      bugs along the way.
      
      	compat type		type in compat arch
      	__compat_[ug]id_t	__kernel_[ug]id_t
      	__compat_[ug]id32_t	__kernel_[ug]id32_t
      	compat_[ug]id_t		[ug]id_t
      
      The difference is that compat_uid_t is always 32 bits (for the archs we
      care about) but __compat_uid_t may be 16 bits on some.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarStephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      202e5979
  22. 08 Jul, 2005 1 commit
  23. 16 Apr, 2005 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Linux-2.6.12-rc2 · 1da177e4
      Linus Torvalds authored
      Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
      even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
      archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
      3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
      git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
      infrastructure for it.
      
      Let it rip!
      1da177e4