1. 02 Nov, 2017 1 commit
    • Greg Kroah-Hartman's avatar
      License cleanup: add SPDX GPL-2.0 license identifier to files with no license · b2441318
      Greg Kroah-Hartman authored
      Many source files in the tree are missing licensing information, which
      makes it harder for compliance tools to determine the correct license.
      
      By default all files without license information are under the default
      license of the kernel, which is GPL version 2.
      
      Update the files which contain no license information with the 'GPL-2.0'
      SPDX license identifier.  The SPDX identifier is a legally binding
      shorthand, which can be used instead of the full boiler plate text.
      
      This patch is based on work done by Thomas Gleixner and Kate Stewart and
      Philippe Ombredanne.
      
      How this work was done:
      
      Patches were generated and checked against linux-4.14-rc6 for a subset of
      the use cases:
       - file had no licensing information it it.
       - file was a */uapi/* one with no licensing information in it,
       - file was a */uapi/* one with existing licensing information,
      
      Further patches will be generated in subsequent months to fix up cases
      where non-standard license headers were used, and references to license
      had to be inferred by heuristics based on keywords.
      
      The analysis to determine which SPDX License Identifier to be applied to
      a file was done in a spreadsheet of side by side results from of the
      output of two independent scanners (ScanCode & Windriver) producing SPDX
      tag:value files created by Philippe Ombredanne.  Philippe prepared the
      base worksheet, and did an initial spot review of a few 1000 files.
      
      The 4.13 kernel was the starting point of the analysis with 60,537 files
      assessed.  Kate Stewart did a file by file comparison of the scanner
      results in the spreadsheet to determine which SPDX license identifier(s)
      to be applied to the file. She confirmed any determination that was not
      immediately clear with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Criteria used to select files for SPDX license identifier tagging was:
       - Files considered eligible had to be source code files.
       - Make and config files were included as candidates if they contained >5
         lines of source
       - File already had some variant of a license header in it (even if <5
         lines).
      
      All documentation files were explicitly excluded.
      
      The following heuristics were used to determine which SPDX license
      identifiers to apply.
      
       - when both scanners couldn't find any license traces, file was
         considered to have no license information in it, and the top level
         COPYING file license applied.
      
         For non */uapi/* files that summary was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0                                              11139
      
         and resulted in the first patch in this series.
      
         If that file was a */uapi/* path one, it was "GPL-2.0 WITH
         Linux-syscall-note" otherwise it was "GPL-2.0".  Results of that was:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|-------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        930
      
         and resulted in the second patch in this series.
      
       - if a file had some form of licensing information in it, and was one
         of the */uapi/* ones, it was denoted with the Linux-syscall-note if
         any GPL family license was found in the file or had no licensing in
         it (per prior point).  Results summary:
      
         SPDX license identifier                            # files
         ---------------------------------------------------|------
         GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note                       270
         GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      169
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-2-Clause)    21
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    17
         LGPL-2.1+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                      15
         GPL-1.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       14
         ((GPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR BSD-3-Clause)    5
         LGPL-2.0+ WITH Linux-syscall-note                       4
         LGPL-2.1 WITH Linux-syscall-note                        3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) OR MIT)              3
         ((GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note) AND MIT)             1
      
         and that resulted in the third patch in this series.
      
       - when the two scanners agreed on the detected license(s), that became
         the concluded license(s).
      
       - when there was disagreement between the two scanners (one detected a
         license but the other didn't, or they both detected different
         licenses) a manual inspection of the file occurred.
      
       - In most cases a manual inspection of the information in the file
         resulted in a clear resolution of the license that should apply (and
         which scanner probably needed to revisit its heuristics).
      
       - When it was not immediately clear, the license identifier was
         confirmed with lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
       - If there was any question as to the appropriate license identifier,
         the file was flagged for further research and to be revisited later
         in time.
      
      In total, over 70 hours of logged manual review was done on the
      spreadsheet to determine the SPDX license identifiers to apply to the
      source files by Kate, Philippe, Thomas and, in some cases, confirmation
      by lawyers working with the Linux Foundation.
      
      Kate also obtained a third independent scan of the 4.13 code base from
      FOSSology, and compared selected files where the other two scanners
      disagreed against that SPDX file, to see if there was new insights.  The
      Windriver scanner is based on an older version of FOSSology in part, so
      they are related.
      
      Thomas did random spot checks in about 500 files from the spreadsheets
      for the uapi headers and agreed with SPDX license identifier in the
      files he inspected. For the non-uapi files Thomas did random spot checks
      in about 15000 files.
      
      In initial set of patches against 4.14-rc6, 3 files were found to have
      copy/paste license identifier errors, and have been fixed to reflect the
      correct identifier.
      
      Additionally Philippe spent 10 hours this week doing a detailed manual
      inspection and review of the 12,461 patched files from the initial patch
      version early this week with:
       - a full scancode scan run, collecting the matched texts, detected
         license ids and scores
       - reviewing anything where there was a license detected (about 500+
         files) to ensure that the applied SPDX license was correct
       - reviewing anything where there was no detection but the patch license
         was not GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note to ensure that the applied
         SPDX license was correct
      
      This produced a worksheet with 20 files needing minor correction.  This
      worksheet was then exported into 3 different .csv files for the
      different types of files to be modified.
      
      These .csv files were then reviewed by Greg.  Thomas wrote a script to
      parse the csv files and add the proper SPDX tag to the file, in the
      format that the file expected.  This script was further refined by Greg
      based on the output to detect more types of files automatically and to
      distinguish between header and source .c files (which need different
      comment types.)  Finally Greg ran the script using the .csv files to
      generate the patches.
      Reviewed-by: default avatarKate Stewart <kstewart@linuxfoundation.org>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarPhilippe Ombredanne <pombredanne@nexb.com>
      Reviewed-by: default avatarThomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
      b2441318
  2. 07 Mar, 2012 1 commit
  3. 26 Jul, 2011 1 commit
  4. 17 Jun, 2009 1 commit
  5. 09 Jan, 2006 1 commit
  6. 15 Sep, 2005 1 commit
    • David S. Miller's avatar
      [LIB]: Consolidate _atomic_dec_and_lock() · 4db2ce01
      David S. Miller authored
      Several implementations were essentialy a common piece of C code using
      the cmpxchg() macro.  Put the implementation in one spot that everyone
      can share, and convert sparc64 over to using this.
      
      Alpha is the lone arch-specific implementation, which codes up a
      special fast path for the common case in order to avoid GP reloading
      which a pure C version would require.
      Signed-off-by: default avatarDavid S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
      4db2ce01
  7. 10 Sep, 2005 1 commit
    • Ingo Molnar's avatar
      [PATCH] spinlock consolidation · fb1c8f93
      Ingo Molnar authored
      This patch (written by me and also containing many suggestions of Arjan van
      de Ven) does a major cleanup of the spinlock code.  It does the following
      things:
      
       - consolidates and enhances the spinlock/rwlock debugging code
      
       - simplifies the asm/spinlock.h files
      
       - encapsulates the raw spinlock type and moves generic spinlock
         features (such as ->break_lock) into the generic code.
      
       - cleans up the spinlock code hierarchy to get rid of the spaghetti.
      
      Most notably there's now only a single variant of the debugging code,
      located in lib/spinlock_debug.c.  (previously we had one SMP debugging
      variant per architecture, plus a separate generic one for UP builds)
      
      Also, i've enhanced the rwlock debugging facility, it will now track
      write-owners.  There is new spinlock-owner/CPU-tracking on SMP builds too.
      All locks have lockup detection now, which will work for both soft and hard
      spin/rwlock lockups.
      
      The arch-level include files now only contain the minimally necessary
      subset of the spinlock code - all the rest that can be generalized now
      lives in the generic headers:
      
       include/asm-i386/spinlock_types.h       |   16
       include/asm-x86_64/spinlock_types.h     |   16
      
      I have also split up the various spinlock variants into separate files,
      making it easier to see which does what. The new layout is:
      
         SMP                         |  UP
         ----------------------------|-----------------------------------
         asm/spinlock_types_smp.h    |  linux/spinlock_types_up.h
         linux/spinlock_types.h      |  linux/spinlock_types.h
         asm/spinlock_smp.h          |  linux/spinlock_up.h
         linux/spinlock_api_smp.h    |  linux/spinlock_api_up.h
         linux/spinlock.h            |  linux/spinlock.h
      
      /*
       * here's the role of the various spinlock/rwlock related include files:
       *
       * on SMP builds:
       *
       *  asm/spinlock_types.h: contains the raw_spinlock_t/raw_rwlock_t and the
       *                        initializers
       *
       *  linux/spinlock_types.h:
       *                        defines the generic type and initializers
       *
       *  asm/spinlock.h:       contains the __raw_spin_*()/etc. lowlevel
       *                        implementations, mostly inline assembly code
       *
       *   (also included on UP-debug builds:)
       *
       *  linux/spinlock_api_smp.h:
       *                        contains the prototypes for the _spin_*() APIs.
       *
       *  linux/spinlock.h:     builds the final spin_*() APIs.
       *
       * on UP builds:
       *
       *  linux/spinlock_type_up.h:
       *                        contains the generic, simplified UP spinlock type.
       *                        (which is an empty structure on non-debug builds)
       *
       *  linux/spinlock_types.h:
       *                        defines the generic type and initializers
       *
       *  linux/spinlock_up.h:
       *                        contains the __raw_spin_*()/etc. version of UP
       *                        builds. (which are NOPs on non-debug, non-preempt
       *                        builds)
       *
       *   (included on UP-non-debug builds:)
       *
       *  linux/spinlock_api_up.h:
       *                        builds the _spin_*() APIs.
       *
       *  linux/spinlock.h:     builds the final spin_*() APIs.
       */
      
      All SMP and UP architectures are converted by this patch.
      
      arm, i386, ia64, ppc, ppc64, s390/s390x, x64 was build-tested via
      crosscompilers.  m32r, mips, sh, sparc, have not been tested yet, but should
      be mostly fine.
      
      From: Grant Grundler <grundler@parisc-linux.org>
      
        Booted and lightly tested on a500-44 (64-bit, SMP kernel, dual CPU).
        Builds 32-bit SMP kernel (not booted or tested).  I did not try to build
        non-SMP kernels.  That should be trivial to fix up later if necessary.
      
        I converted bit ops atomic_hash lock to raw_spinlock_t.  Doing so avoids
        some ugly nesting of linux/*.h and asm/*.h files.  Those particular locks
        are well tested and contained entirely inside arch specific code.  I do NOT
        expect any new issues to arise with them.
      
       If someone does ever need to use debug/metrics with them, then they will
        need to unravel this hairball between spinlocks, atomic ops, and bit ops
        that exist only because parisc has exactly one atomic instruction: LDCW
        (load and clear word).
      
      From: "Luck, Tony" <tony.luck@intel.com>
      
         ia64 fix
      Signed-off-by: default avatarIngo Molnar <mingo@elte.hu>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarArjan van de Ven <arjanv@infradead.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarGrant Grundler <grundler@parisc-linux.org>
      Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@debian.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarHirokazu Takata <takata@linux-m32r.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarMikael Pettersson <mikpe@csd.uu.se>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarBenoit Boissinot <benoit.boissinot@ens-lyon.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarAndrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org>
      Signed-off-by: default avatarLinus Torvalds <torvalds@osdl.org>
      fb1c8f93
  8. 16 Apr, 2005 1 commit
    • Linus Torvalds's avatar
      Linux-2.6.12-rc2 · 1da177e4
      Linus Torvalds authored
      Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history,
      even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git
      archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about
      3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early
      git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good
      infrastructure for it.
      
      Let it rip!
      1da177e4